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  • Chiropractic - Definitions History & Development

    Chiropractic -
    History & Development

WFC Dictionary DefinitionWorld Federation of Chiropractic, 2001
A health profession concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, and the effects of these disorders on the function of the nervous system and general health. There is an emphasis on manual treatments including spinal adjustment and other joint and soft-tissue manipulation.

The World Federation of Chiropractic (WFC), whose mission is to “advance awareness, utilization, and integration of chiropractic internationally”, was established in 1988 at a World Chiropractic Congress is currently made up of voting members from national associations in 85 countries. There are also a number of non-voting memberships which are comprised of corporates and individuals, which has resulted in support from organizations, schools and colleges, vendors and individuals alike.These strategic partnerships provide strength in areas such as education, accreditation, research, examining and specialty areas of practice.In January of 1997, the WFC began its official relations with the World Health Organization (WHO) as a non-governmental organization and as the representative of the chiropractic profession. It was during this time that the Guidelines on Basic Training and Safety in Chiropractic, was developed, providing standards for chiropractic education and the regulation of chiropractic practice.

The WHO definition  World Health Organization, Guidelines on Chiropractic, 2005
A health care profession concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders of the neuromusculoskeletal system and the effects of these disorders on general health. There is an emphasis on manual techniques, including joint adjustment and/or manipulation with a particular focus on subluxations.

WHO Guidelines on basic training and safety in Chiropractic

The ACC definition  Association of Chiropractic Colleges, 1996
Chiropractic is a healthcare discipline that emphasizes the inherent recuperative power of the body to heal itself without the use of drugs or surgery. The practice of chiropractic focuses on the relationship between structure (primarily the spine) and function (as coordinated by the nervous system) and how that relationship affects the preservation and restoration of health. In addition, doctors of chiropractic recognize the value and responsibility of working in cooperation with other health care practitioners when in the best interest of the patient.

About Chiropractic

History and Development of Chiropractic

  • 1895 - D.D. Palmer commences practice as a "chiropractor" in davenport, Iowa.
  • 1897 - The Palmer School of Chiropractic, the first chiropractic institution, opens.
  • 1905 - Minnesota becomes the first U.S. state to recognize and license the practice of chiropractic. Louisiana became the last state to in 1974.
  • 1923 - Alberta becomes the first province to license chiropractic in Canada. Ontario follows in 1925. Newfoundland is the last province, in 1992.
  • 1933 - The U.S. council of State Chiropractic Examining Boards is established with a mandate to provide unified standards for licensure. Renamed the Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards (FCLB) in 1974.
  • 1939 - The Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, becomes the first jurisdiction outside North America to license the practice of chiropractic.
  • 1944 - The Foundation for Chiropractic Education and Research (FCER) is established and, to the present time, is the profession's foremost agency for funding of postgraduate scholarship and research.
  • 1963 - The U.S. National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) is established to promote consistency and reciprocity between state examining boards.
  • 1974 - The U.S. Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE) is recognized by the federal government as the accrediting agency for schools of chiropractic. This leads to the development of affiliated accrediting agencies in Canada, Europe and Australia/New Zealand.
  • 1979 - Chiropractic in New Zealand, the report of the NZ Commission of Inquiry into Chiropractic, is published. This was the first government commission to adopt a full judicial procedure, hearing evidence on oath and subject to cross-examination when examining patients, chiropractors, medical doctors and others on the role of the chiropractic profession. The Commission's recommendations strongly endorse chiropractic services and call for medical cooperation. The report has a major impact internationally.
  • 1987 - Final judgement in the Wilk vs American Medical Association case entered, opening the way for much greater cooperation between medical and chiropractic doctors in education, research and practice in the U.S. and, as a result, internationally.
  • 1988 - World Federation of Chiropractic (WFC) is formed. The WFC, whose members are national associations of chiropractors in over in over 70 countries, is admitted into official relation with the World Health Organization (WHO) as a non-governmental organization or NGO in January 1997.
  • 1993 - The Magna Report in Canada, the first government-commissioned report by health economists looking looking at the cost-effectiveness of chiropractic services, recommends a primary role for chiropractors with back pain patients on grounds of safety, costeffectiveness and patient preference, and concludes this will save hundreds of millions annually in direct health care costs and work disability payments.
  • 1994 - Government-sponsored expert panels developing evidence-based guidelines for the management of patients with back pain in the U.S. ( Agency for Health Care Policy and Research) and the U.K. (clinical Standards Advisory Group) provide the first authoritative reports that manipulation is a proven and preferred treatment approach for most acute low-back pain patients.
  • 1996 - U.S. government begins official funding support for an ongoing agenda for chiropractic research. To continue this agenda the Construal Center for Chiropractic Research is formed in 1997, compressing chiropractic schools, university research departments and federal government agencies, and is based at Palmer College of Chiropractic.
  • 1988 - The first year in which there were more chiropractic schools outside the United States (17) than in the United States (16). By 2007 there were 23 recognized schools outside the United States, most recently schools in Japan, Malaysia and Spain (2007).
  • 2002 - The US Congress introduces chiropractic Services in the military health system then, in 2004, throughout the veterans’ administration healthcare system.
  • 2005 - WHO publishes the WHO Guidelines on Basic Training and Safety in Chiropractic, recommending educational standards for the recognition and regulation of chiropractic services in all member countries. By 2009 these are printed in Arabic, Chinese, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Spanish and Turkish.